For the 2018 American Anthropology Association (AAA) conference in San Jose, I helped to co-author a late-breaking gallery session titled: Bioethics, Reunification, and Genetic Testing along the US Mexico Border: is “23and Me” the Answer?. The presentation will be given by Matt Artz, Thursday, November 15, 6:15 PM – 8:15 PM. Please stop by to support him and the other co-author, Dr. Doug Henry.
Bioethics, Reunification, and Genetic Testing along the US Mexico Border: is “23and Me” the Answer? Abstract
Between April and the end of June 2018, the Trump administration’s family separation policy was put into effect, granting federal border agents the authority to separate children from their parents accompanying them across the border. Since July, reunification has proven difficult for hundreds, particularly younger children who lack documentation. Perhaps sensing opportunity, direct-to-consumer genetic testing companies (DTCG) have begun offering help. “MyHeritage,” e.g., has offered 5,000 testing kits, and 23andMe co-founder Anne Wojcicki recently tweeted that 23andMe would “welcome any opportunity to help…reunite family members that were tragically separated from each other,” as “connecting and uniting families is core to the mission of 23andMe.”
While genetic testing could provide for a scientifically reliable method for reuniting families, these current proposals raise moral and bioethical questions that need to be addressed first. We pose these questions, grounding their relevance in data gathered from a recent ethnography of users of DTCG services, where we found the majority of consumers were unaware of the degree of consent granted to genetic companies, or the extent to which testing companies could make use of, or profit from, their biological data. Questions of what it means to access DNA, or provide informed consent under duress, the genomic literacy of minors, fair use and ownership of data, and biocapital. With these questions in mind, we seek to call attention to the bioethical considerations of using consumer genetic tests for the reunification of families.
AAA Conference 2018 San Jose Theme
Change in the Anthropological Imagination: Resistance, Resilience, and Adaptation
Change in the Anthropological Imagination is a timely call to action for papers, posters, workshops, roundtables, and other formats that address the themes of resistance, resilience, and adaptation from a wide range of perspectives. The 2018 meetings are a moment where we can ask ourselves: What can holism tell us about social change in the past, present, and future? How have the processes of resistance, resilience, and adaptation shaped our species? How have societies in the past dealt with dramatic social changes and reorganization? What can be learned by examining the many forces that influence peoples’ understandings and reactions to transformation and stasis, both cross-culturally and across time? Can an anthropological understanding of change improve our ability to envision and undertake new forms of local and global cooperation? Finally, what are the possibilities that we as anthropologists can imagine for our shared futures?
To read more, check out the official AAA San Jose theme page.